The stem portion with which we want to grow and that is put on the rootstock is called graft or scion.
The rootstock has roots. The rootstock can also make new (unwanted) shoots, the suckers themselves.
Important in all grafting techniques is that the bark of rootstock and graft should connect well to each other. There happens sap flow and adhesion.

EntenCharacteristic of whip grafting is that the stalk and the scion are equally thick. It can, for example, with roses or apple...
The stem is rooted. Grafts have a length of five to twelve centimeter. The graft must have two to four buds. Rootstock and scion are in one stroke cut diagonally and smooth. The inclined plane must have a length of 3 to 4 cm. The parts are fixed and put together and fit tightly splinted.

With cleft grafting, the rootstock is not cut off. The graft is placed sideways to the rootstock. Only after fusion, the old stem is cut.

If the rootstock is thicker than the scion V-shape, triangular grafting or slit grafts is used.
Autumn is preferred.
The rootstock is approximately 8 - 10 cm above the ground point cut. With a grafting knife, a triangular shape is cut into the middle of the core. Note that the stem is not fully teared open.
The graft must have at least three (pairs of) buds. Present leaf is removed. Do not damage the buds in the axils thereby.
Tie the graft firmly on the stem. The wound is covered with grafting wax or pure beeswax.

In the breeding of species is selected in function of fruit and yield. This often arise weaker plants, because there is rarely taken into account the roots and the balance with the underground part. In order to gain the upper - crops resistant is often grafted on strong, wild rootstocks. Not only in the fruit, but also for tomatoes, cucumbers etc. is this often used.

Budding is preferably carried out in August. The sap of the plant is already less strong.
Kiwi, apple, pear, hazel, cherry, peach, plum, most trees, witch hazel, magnolia, holly, rhododendrons, snowball, weigelia and many potted plants can be budded.
The rootstock should be in close relationship to the state plant, tree or shrub, whose bud is removed.
In the bark of the rootstock is a superficial T - shaped incision made in the cambium (bark). The two edges are gently bent open from the top and detached from the heartwood.
Of the plant that we want to multiply, the oval shaped bud with a piece of bark on top and bottom is shallow cut loose. The bud with bark then is pressed to the heartwood in the open worked T-. The wound containing the bud is bound with raffia.

Make grafting wax
Grafting wax is used to seal tree wounds and grafting cuts against drying out and infections.
It is usually a mixture of, inter alia, (fir) resin and beeswax. The beeswax is au "bain Marie" (water bath) melted. By adding (kitchen) oil the mixture remains more spreadable.
Also, tar, pitch and sheep fat were used or mixed.

Previously was also already used clay (whether or not mixed with cow dung). By drying and shrinkage cracks occur herein faster than in wax.